H. E. Bailey, one of the well-known men of Unadilla, of which place he is a leading druggist, has been engaged in the drug business there for the past eleven years. He carries a first-class stock of drugs, together with books, stationery, etc., and everything kept by a druggist. his business career began in Unadilla in 1866, at which time he formed a copartnership with William H. Emory, under the firm name of Emory & Bailey. Mr. Emory had previously for some thirty years been engatged as a successful dry goods merchant, the leading one of the place. The firm of Emory & Bailey existed for five years, when Mr. Robinson purchased the interest of Mr. Emory, after which
the business was continued as a general store, under the firm name of Bailey & Robinson, for eleven years. In the meantime a destructive fire broke out, May 11 1879, and destroyed their store, which, however, they rebuilt, putting up a fine two-story brick block, sixty feet deep, it being known as the Bailey & Robinson Block. In 1882 the firm dissolved partnership, Mr. Robinson becoming a dry goods and clothing merchant, and Mr. Bailey druggist and stationer, Mr. Bailey remaining alone in the business until February 1, 1893, when he took as a partner his son Frederick, both father and son being registered pharmacists.
Mr. Bailey was born in Masonville, Delaware County, fifty-three years ago. September 26, 1862, he enlisted in Company B, 144th New York Infantry, Captain Deveraux, and Colonel Robert S. Huston. This regiment, after completing its organization, started for the seat of war, and was placed in defense of the capitol at Upton Hill, Cloud's Mills, and Vienna, Va., until the spring of 1863, when it was sent to Norfolk, Va., where it remained during Longstreet's siege of that place. From May 7th to May 31st it was in General Gordon's command, and stationed at West Point, Va. It participated in General Keyes demonstration against Richmond, and joined the Army of the Potomac at Berlin, Md., in July. August 6th the regiment was assigned to the Department of the South, and immediately embarked on transports for Folly Island, S. C., reaching there on the 12th, when it was sent to Morris Island, and there performed the arduous duty required of it in the trenches, during a part of Gilmore's bombardment of Charleston.
During the winter of 1863-64, the Delaware County "boys," with other troops, were engaged in demonstrations against Seabrook and John's Island. On February 15, 1864, the regiment was sent to Florida, where it was chiefly engaged in raiding until the following June, then
returned to Hilton Head, where it had its headquarters until June, 1865. The latter part of 1864 was devoted to co-operative movement
under General Dick Foster, with General Sherman, at Honeyhill, Deveaux Neck, Coosawhatchie, and other places. In February, 1865
they were again on James Island, and at the time General Sherman
was marching triumphantly through South Carolina, the 144th New York was at Bull's Bay, along the banks of the Santee River and the Atlantic Coast, under command of the gallant General Porter, doing excellent service for the Union. Teh 144th bore an honorable part in the following engagements: Morris Island and siege of Charleston, S. C., in August and September, 1863; John's Island S. C. in July, 1864; Honeyhill, November 30, 1864; Deveaux Neck, S. C., December 6-8, 1864; Coosawhatchie, December 9, 1864; James Island, February 10, 1865, and was honorable discharged and mustered out of service July 13, 1865. The members of this regiment have ever since held a place in the hearts of the loyal people of Delaware County.
Mr. Bailey enlisted as a private soldier, but for meritorious conduct was promoted from time to time, and when discharged he was First Lieutenant in command of his company. He was wounded three times, once by a cannon ball. During the battle of Honeyhill, while helping a crippled officer to a place of safety, a cannon ball passed through the body of the officer and burned the cheek of Lieutenant Bailey, doing him no serious injury, while the comrade was, of course, instantly killed. Lieutenant Bailey remained in the hospital but two days, when he rejoined his regiment, and was with it in all of its battles and skirmishes until it was discharged.
Returning home after his discharge he decided to engage in the mercantile business, and has been an active business man ever since. He has been devoted to the interests of his town and village of Unadilla, and has, ever since his majority, been a Democrat. he was married in this town to Miss Caroline A. Odell, who was born in Sidney, and received her education at the Unadilla Academy. Since her marriage she has been devoted to the interests of her husband and family, and has been a true helpmate in every sense of the word. She is a daughter of Dr. Evander Odell, a prominent pioneer settler of Unadilla, who was for many years on of the leading physicians of this and other towns. he was also associated with the Academy at Unadilla, as he was with all matters pertaining to the welfare and progress of his village. He died when about seventy-six years old, in 1883,
his widow surviving him for some years. She died in 1893, aged seventy-eight. Her maiden name was Mary A. Mulford.
Mr. and Mrs. Bailey are prominent in society, and active members of the Episcopal Church in Unadilla, Mr. Bailey having served as vestryman. They are the parents of two children, a son and daughter, viz: Frederick, who is now associated with his fater in the drug business, and Josephine, an accomplised and educated young lady of twenty years, residing with her parents.